This lively Trinidadian incarnation of Islamic Muharram observances, celebrated chiefly by the Shia Muslim community, was brought to the island by Indian indentured immigrants, who came to Trinidad between 1845 and 1917 to work the sugar plantations.
The observances commemorate the martyrdom of Hussein (the Prophet Muhammad’s grandson) and the later murder of his brother Hassan. It lasts for 10 days, coming to a climax over the final three nights (Flag Night, Small Hosay, Big Hosay), and a lively procession on the final day. Exquisitely made tadjahs and crescent moons are first carried through the street, then in part cast into the sea following the final day procession.
The name, Hosay, is an onomatopoeic rendition of the name of the man the observances commemorate. The celebrations welcome and are attended by many in the national community, Muslims and non-Muslims alike.
Tadjahs and moons
These tadjahs are ornate interpretations and replicas of Hussein’s tomb, while the moons (one red and one green) represent the two brothers. They are made from wood, paper, and styrofoam. Once, these creations were discarded whole into the ocean, but in recent years celebrants have taken different measures to minimise the negative environmental impact.
The tassa drumming heard on these days are possibly as big a draw to the public as the beauty of the procession. The goatskin-covered drums are heated over fires at the roadside in order to achieve the right pitch.
St James is perhaps the most popular venue for Hosay observances, but festivities also take place in Cedros, Couva, Curepe, and Tunapuna, as well as in Sangre Grande, Brazil/Talparo, Arouca, Tacarigua (Dinsley Village), San Juan, Cunupia, Chaguanas, and Princes Town.
Hosay takes place during Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar. The date varies each year according to the moon, but the final day is expected to be on or around 30 August in 2020. The first roughly six days of the observances are marked by ritual fasting and prayer, during which time the final parts of the tadjahs and moons are constructed. Those who help build the tadjahs are meant to fast and to abstain from meat and sex.
Celebrants process through the streets carrying many coloured flags, symbolising the beginning of the Battle of Kerbala in which Hussein and Hassan were killed.
Devotees carry small tadjahs through the streets, accomompanied by tassa drumming.
Once again accompanied by tassa drums, celebrants emerge with huge, stunning and intricate tadjahs, while dancers carry two large crescent moons which spin and dance toward each other.
Final day procession
The moons and tadjahs are carried through the streets and finally to a sacred spot where special prayers are offered for the dead before being ritually immersed in the sea. Observances end by sunset.
Written by Discover Trinidad & Tobago